Sexually transmitted diseases are very common and are the least discussed health hazards due to the social stigma associated with STDs. While you know that STD is an infection that’s passed on from one person to another during sex, you’d be shocked to know that there are more than 20 different types of STDs that can be passed on during vaginal, oral or anal sex through exchange of body fluids or even skin-to-skin genital contact. There are over 1 million people living with HIV in the U.S. Learning about STDs can help protect your health now and in the future. HPV is the most common sexually transmitted disease in the United States, infecting roughly 24 million people. One of the most common STDs is chlamydia. 3.
Gonorrhea Gonorrhea is the second most commonly reported communicable disease in the U.S. HPV spreads from one person to another through vaginal, anal or oral sex. Smith, an epidemiologist at the International Agency for Research on Cancer in Lyon, France, and her coworkers analyzed blood and cervical cells obtained from women with and without cervical cancer who visited hospitals in Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Spain, Morocco, Thailand, and the Philippines. If screening and treatment are ignored, it can produce symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease. AIDS AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Syphilis Syphilis is an STD caused by bacteria that is transmitted from person to person by direct contact with syphilis sores. The problem is some types of HPV can lead to serious health problems.
Of those with cervical cancer, 44 percent had genital herpes. Herpes is a viral infection affecting a lot of organs. Pain during intercourse, vaginal itching, burning while urinating and white discharge are signs of a yeast infection. The researchers report their findings in the Nov. Even if you’ve been treated for chlamydia in the past, you can get the infection again. Precancerous sores on the cervix are detectable by a pap smear. Trichomoniasis or trich is a protozoon-caused infection.
Xu, F., Sternberg, M. Once cancer develops, however, it can penetrate deeper and become far more difficult to treat. Men can develop a condition that causes painful inflammation of the tube that helps carry sperm. Although scientists don’t know whether there’s interplay between the herpes virus and HPV, a herpes infection might rev up HPV growth or help HPV spread deeper into cervical tissue, Smith says. Prevalence of HIV/AIDS infection is very severe among black men. J., Berman, S. “There’s a tremendous inflammatory response to herpes,” Kiviat says.
The infection usually doesn’t spread to the mouth, anus or other parts of the body. Moreover, gonorrhea and chlamydia infections, both of which can induce inflammation of the cervix, seem to hike the chance of HPV infections progressing to cervical cancer. Education on safe sex can prevent people from contacting HIV/AIDS, syphilis, chlamydia, etc. Journal of the American Medical Association, 296(8):964-973. 2002. It takes antibiotics to get rid of the infection. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 94(Nov.
PCR test is able to diagnose this infection effectively. Abstract available at http://jncicancerspectrum.oupjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/jnci;94/21/1604. Smith, J.S., et al. Men may develop pain in their testicles. Evidence for Chlamydia trachomatis as a human papillomavirus cofactor in the etiology of invasive cervical cancer in Brazil and the Philippines. Journal of Infectious Diseases 185(Feb. 1):324-331.