Home Remedies

Horny goat weed(Epimedium spp.) – nutrition house

The interest in functional food, both freshwater and marine algal products with their possible promotional health effects, increases also in regions where algae are considered as rather exotic food. They have been used mainly for human consumption (e.g., as food or as crude drugs to treat gallstone, stomach ailment, eczema, cancer, renal disorders, scabies, psoriasis, asthma, arteriosclerosis, heart disease, lung diseases and ulcers) and extraction of hydrocolloids, such as agar, carrageens and alginates, but are still under-exploited [3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10]. Do you participate in sports, fly frequently or simply want to do more for your health? Commercial potatoes originated thousands of years ago in South America and are now a dietary staple for over one billion people. And some are plagued with regular outbreaks. It is native to North America and Europe. AntihypertensivesAntihypertensives: According to secondary sources, Epimedium may have hypotensive effects.

What we eat supplies the building blocks for our body’s cells, energy-producing mitochondria, enzymes, and co-factors that build or break the body. The tallow contains abundant arachin, some stearin and olein. AntiviralsAntivirals: In vitro, Epimedium sagittatum had antiviral effects on the herpes simplex virus (7). This is so heartbreaking. Another is pro-inflammatory and causes all kinds of problems. In a case report, tachyarrhythmia occurred in an individual using a horny goat weed-containing product (24). In view of these evidences, it is reasonable to believe that an increased intake of LA, ALA, EPA, and DHA protects against or reduces the risk of pneumonia.

The problem is finding the herb or combination of herbs and vitamins to reverse your illness. In this way, it plays a role in your body’s production of collagen, carnitine (which helps your body turn fat into energy), and catecholamines (hormones made by your adrenal glands), for starters. The recommended intake of soursop fruit or its extract has not been established. First, they supply us with the essential biradical, O2. Fertility agentsFertility agents: In clinical research, Epimedium improved sexual function (13). Mango contains a lot of glutamine acid – an important protein for concentration and memory. Studies also suggest that stable insulin levels can contribute to slower aging, lower blood pressure and improved cholesterol levels.

There’s no better place to look for inspiration than Julie Morris’ Superfood Smoothies! HepatotoxinsHepatotoxins: In vitro, icariin, a constituent of horny goat weed, had hepatoprotective effects (12). Research has demonstrated an ability of astragalus to correct deficient T cell (immune-fighting cells) function in cancer patients (J Clin Lab Immunnol 1988;25:119-123). “Interactions of Flavonoids and Other Phytochemicals with Adenosine Receptors.” Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. ImmunostimulantsImmunostimulants: In animal research, the plant flavonoid baohuoside I (B1), isolated from Epimedium davidii, suppressed antibody and delayed-type hypersensitivity responses (25; 15). In animal research, the methanolic extract of the dried leaves of Epimedium sagittatum had immunostimulating effects (14). naozhouense (29.37%) [19,24].

In human monocytes, Epimedium sagittatum increased IL-2 activity (13). Before we all go invest in potato crops, let’s not forget about glycoalkaloids (GAs). ImmunosuppressantsImmunosuppressants: In animal research, the plant flavonoid baohuoside I (B1), isolated from Epimedium davidii, suppressed antibody and delayed-type hypersensitivity responses (25; 15). Click here to read more. In human research, horny goat weed inhibited IL-6 (41). In the liver, Phase I breaks down substances into substrates which then must go through Phase II to become water-soluble. According to secondary sources, horny goat weed may increase IL-2, IL-3, and IL-2 receptors.

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs): In animal research, Epimedium brevicornum inhibited the activity of monoamine oxidase in the hypothalamus (26). Neurologic agentsNeurologic agents: According to a review, Epimedium showed regeneration effects on nerves (17). When your natural skin fungus gets out of control the body attacks it with cytokines that include IL-6 (also IL-1b, TNF, IL-8), which recruits other aspects of the immune system (R). In a case report, hypomania occurred in an individual using a horny goat weed-containing product (24). According to secondary sources, long-term use of horny goat weed may cause dizziness or potential worsening of aggressiveness or irritability. Osteoporosis agentsOsteoporosis agents: In vitro, the flavonoids in Epimedium sagittatum, the ethanol and n-butanol extracts in Epimedium brevicornum, and icariin, from Epimedium pubescens, had antiosteoporotic effects (38; 39; 40). In human research, Epimedium-derived phytoestrogen flavonoids (EPFs) in combination with calcium increased lumbar spine and femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD) vs.

calcium alone (34). All other chemicals used were in the purest form available commercially. SteroidsSteroids: According to secondary sources, use of horny goat weed may increase urinary 17-ketosteroids. In vitro, estrogenic effects of various Epimedium species have been investigated, with the majority of studies suggesting estrogenic effects; however, a minority of studies have found antiestrogenic or no estrogenic effects (6; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33). In clinical research, horny goat weed extract was shown to significantly increase serum estradiol in postmenopausal women (23). According to secondary sources, horny goat weed may increase testosterone activity; however, according to clinical research, changes in testosterone from baseline were lacking (23). Thyroid hormonesThyroid hormones: In animal research, prolonged use of excessive amounts of horny goat weed was associated with decreased thyroid activity and T3, and increased rT3 and TRH (27).

Dorling Kindersley Ltd, London). Horny goat weed/Herb/Supplement Interactions: AndrogenicsAndrogenics: In vitro, estrogenic effects of various Epimedium species have been investigated, with the majority of studies suggesting estrogenic effects; however, a minority of studies have found antiestrogenic or no estrogenic effects (6; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33). In clinical research, horny goat weed extract was shown to significantly increase serum estradiol in postmenopausal women (23). According to secondary sources, horny goat weed may increase testosterone activity; however, according to clinical research, changes in testosterone from baseline were lacking (23). However, C16:0 (palmitic acid), C18:0 (stearic acid) and C18:1 (oleic acid) were the most abundant fatty acids in wild S. AnticoagulantsAnticoagulants: According to secondary sources, Epimedium may have anticoagulant effects and extended use of Japanese epimedium may result in nosebleed when taken orally. Let’s say you have 2.5 acres of farm land.


AntilipemicsAntilipemics: In human research, horny goat weed extract reduced serum total cholesterol and triglycerides, but differences in HDL and LDL were lacking (23). Elderberry is commonly used against cold, flu, sore throat, coughs, bacterial and viral infections, inflammation of the urinary tract and bladder infections. AntioxidantsAntioxidants: In vitro, icariin had antioxidant effects (6; 5). Lacto-fermented foods with every meal will help ease the digestive burden. AntiviralsAntivirals: In vitro, Epimedium sagittatum had antiviral effects on the herpes simplex virus (7). Cardiovascular agentsCardiovascular agents: Based on a mechanism of action on S-adenosylhomocysteine-hydrolase, as shown in vitro (36), Epimedium has theoretical cardiovascular effects, based on the potential to alter homocysteine levels. The effect of Enzyte®, which is made up of many herbal products including Epimedium, on QT and QTc intervals was examined (37); however, further details are lacking.

Another study mentions that healthy people have a median level of 0.5 pg/ml (R). According to secondary sources, horny goat weed may dilate coronary vessels and lower blood pressure. ContraceptivesContraceptives: In vitro, estrogenic effects of various Epimedium species have been investigated, with the majority of studies suggesting estrogenic effects; however, a minority of studies have found antiestrogenic or no estrogenic effects (6; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33). In clinical research, Epimedium improved sexual function (13). Fertility agentsFertility agents: In clinical research, Epimedium improved sexual function (13). Heart rate regulating agentsHeart rate regulating agents: In a case report, tachyarrhythmia occurred in an individual using a horny goat weed-containing product (24). The effect of Enzyte®, which is made up of many herbal products including Epimedium, on QT and QTc intervals was examined (37); however, further details are lacking.

According to secondary sources, horny goat weed may dilate coronary vessels and lower blood pressure. HepaticsHepatics: In vitro, icariin, a constituent of horny goat weed, had hepatoprotective effects (12). Hormonal agentsHormonal agents: In vitro, estrogenic effects of various Epimedium species have been investigated, with the majority of studies suggesting estrogenic effects; however, a minority of studies have found antiestrogenic or no estrogenic effects (6; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33). Compared to baseline, after treatment with horny goat weed extract, the serum E2 level was significantly elevated, and significant changes were lacking for progesterone and testosterone levels in postmenopausal women (23). HypotensivesHypotensives: According to secondary sources, Epimedium may have hypotensive effects. INGREDIENTS: SERVING SIZE: 2 caps/SERVINGS PER CONTAINER:60 AMOUNT PER SERVING: %DV Sambucus nigra(Elderberry Fruit Extract 50:1)………………….125 mg Scutellaria baicalensis 8:1………125 mg Propolis 70%……………………100 mg Astragalus Root Extract 15:1……..100 mg Isatis Root extract 15:1…………100 mg Coptis chinensis Extract 10:1……..50 mg Hypericum perf. In animal research, the methanolic extract of the dried leaves of Epimedium sagittatum had immunostimulating effects (14).

In human research, horny goat weed inhibited IL-6 (41). In human monocytes, Epimedium sagittatum increased IL-2 activity (13). The bands at 1613 and 1415 cm−1 were attributed to carboxylate O–C–O asymmetric stretching and to C–OH deformation vibrations, respectively. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs): In animal research, Epimedium brevicornum inhibited the activity of monoamine oxidase in the hypothalamus (26). Neurologic agentsNeurologic agents: According to a review, Epimedium showed regeneration effects on nerves (17). In vitro, two enantiomers from Epimedium koreanum Nakai had regeneration effects on nerves (42). Oral lozenges made with elderberry extract have also been linked with reducing the upper respiratory symptoms of colds, sinus infections, the flu and other sicknesses that mimic allergic reactions.

According to secondary sources, long term use of horny goat weed may cause dizziness or potential worsening of aggressiveness or irritability. Unfortunately, pharmacy prepackaged B12 injectibles contain aluminum and parabens. In human research, Epimedium-derived phytoestrogen flavonoids (EPFs) in combination with calcium increased lumbar spine and femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD) vs. calcium alone (34). Renal agentsRenal agents: In animal research, Epimediumsagittatum had renal effects by decreasing blood urea nitrogen and serum creatinine (43). She took the Th1/Th2/Th17 test, which is more comprehensive and includes IL-6. In vitro, estrogenic effects of various Epimedium species have been investigated, with the majority of studies suggesting estrogenic effects; however, a minority of studies have found antiestrogenic or no estrogenic effects (6; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33).

In clinical research, horny goat weed extract was shown to significantly increase serum estradiol in postmenopausal women (23). According to secondary sources, horny goat weed may increase testosterone activity; however, according to clinical research, changes in testosterone from baseline were lacking (23). Thyroid agentsThyroid agents: In animal research, prolonged use of excessive amounts of horny goat weed was associated with decreased thyroid activity and T3, and increased rT3 and TRH (27). VasodilatorsVasodilators: According to secondary sources, horny goat weed may dilate coronary vessels and lower blood pressure. Horny goat weed/Lab Interactions: 17-Ketosteroids17-Ketosteroids: According to secondary sources, use of horny goat weed may increase urinary 17-ketosteroids. 24-Hour urine microprotein24-Hour urine microprotein: In human research, Tangshenqing (TSQ) (Astragalusmembranaceus, Panax notoginseng, Epimedium brevicornum, and other ingredients) reduced 24-hour urine microprotein (35). Blood pressureBlood pressure: According to secondary sources, Epimedium may have hypotensive effects.

Bone mineral densityBone mineral density: In vitro, the flavonoids in Epimedium sagittatum, the ethanol and n-butanol extracts in Epimedium brevicornum, and icariin, from Epimedium pubescens, had antiosteoporotic effects (38; 39; 40). In human research, Epimedium-derived phytoestrogen flavonoids (EPFs) in combination with calcium increased lumbar spine and femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD) vs. calcium alone (34). BUNBUN: In animal research, Epimedium sagittatum decreased the level of blood urea nitrogen (43). Coagulation panelCoagulation panel: According to secondary sources, Epimedium may have anticoagulant effects, and extended use of Japanese epimedium may result in nosebleed when taken orally. Although TSQ (Astragalusmembranaceus, Panax notoginseng, Epimedium brevicornum, and other ingredients) reduced fibrinogen in human research (35), significant hematological parameter changes were lacking in patients treated with calcium, with or without EPFs (34). CreatinineCreatinine: In animal research, Epimedium sagittatum decreased the level of serum creatinine (43).

A voucher specimen (No. The effect of Enzyte®, which is made up of many herbal products including Epimedium, on QT and QTc intervals was examined (37); however, further details are lacking. According to secondary sources, horny goat weed may dilate coronary vessels and lower blood pressure. HomocysteineHomocysteine: Based on mechanisms of action of horny goat weed obtained from an in vitro study, horny goat weed may increase or decrease homocysteine levels (36). Hormone panelHormone panel: In vitro, estrogenic effects of various Epimedium species have been investigated, with the majority of studies suggesting estrogenic effects; however, a minority of studies have found antiestrogenic or no estrogenic effects (6; 28; 29; 30; 31; 32; 33). According to secondary sources, horny goat weed may increase testosterone activity; however, according to human research, changes in testosterone from baseline were lacking (23). • Pure water is healthful and delicious.

InterleukinsInterleukins: In human research, horny goat weed inhibited IL-6 (41). In human monocytes, Epimedium sagittatum increased IL-2 activity (13). According to secondary sources, horny goat weed may increase IL-2, IL-3, and IL-2 receptors. LipidsLipids: In human research, horny goat weed extract reduced serum total cholesterol and triglycerides, but differences in HDL and LDL were lacking (23). Thyroid activityThyroid activity: In animal research, prolonged use of excessive amounts of horny goat weed was associated with decreased thyroid activity and T3, and increased rT3 and TRH (27). Urine deoxypyridinolineUrine deoxypyridinoline: In human research, Epimedium-derived phytoestrogen flavonoids (EPFs) reduced urine deoxypyridinoline (DPD) (34). Urine proteinUrine protein: In human research, TSQ (Astragalusmembranaceus, Panax notoginseng, Epimedium brevicornum, and other ingredients) reduced urine protein (35).

The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.